INDEX OF NAVAL AIRCRAFT
Vultee A-31 Vengeance
By the end of production in 1944, 1,528 aircraft had been built.
Vengeance I Original British order
Vengeance II Original British order, inc 243 retained by USAAF as V-72
Vengeance IA Lend-lease to RAF
Vengeance III Lend-lease to RAF
XA-31A/B Engine test-bed, single A-31 conversion
YA-31C As XA-31A/B; B-29 development programme; 5 A-31 conversions
A-35 Improved Vengeance I; 1600hp Wright R-2600-19
A-35A 99 A-35 conversions; four 0.5in guns
A-35B Re-engined A-35A; Increased armament
Vengeance IV (Series 1)
RAF equivalent of A-35B; 104 Lend-lease
Vengeance IV (Series 2)
RAF equivalent of A-35B; 458 Lend-lease
Vengeance T.T. Mk IV
Target-tug conversions of Mk IV
The Fleet Air received a total of 113 Consolidated-Vultee A-31 Vengeances which were transfers from the RAF. A total of 88 had been received by the end of August 1945, the rest being delivered up to early 1946. The Vengeance as dive-bombers proved unsuccessful by the time of its entry into FAA service, consequently it was restricted to a few second-line squadrons, and mostly converted to Target Tugs.
The first aircraft, FD171 joined the RN on 8 March 1944, but struck off charge after an accident 9 days later. The majority were shipped in SS George the Knight en route to the UK on 24 August 1944, and first delivered to Lockheed Aircraft on 9 September 1944 , thence to Speke January 1945. The first unit to receive the Vengeance were 721 squadron in March 1945, and 733 squadron in July 1945. None of the type saw service with front line squadrons.
One Vengeance, FD368, was sent from RN Experimental Air Department at Thame, on to Oakley on CS(A) charge for the International Model Aircraft Ltd, in June 1945, for towing duties with RN glider targets.
Only 10 aircraft were actually delivered to RN squadrons after VJ-Day: to 721 squadron at Kai Tak April 1946, and to 791 squadron Sembawang in September 1946. From 9 September 1945, 25 RAAF Vengeances were allocated for RN use in Australia, but in the event only 9 were actually issued. An number of these were subsequently modified for DDT spraying in late 1945.
The last of the RN delivered Vengeances, FD4044, was retired at RAF Changi in April 1947
Battle Honours and Operational History
None with FAA but served with distinction with the RAF and RIAF in Burma.